The following page describes everything about Onion vegetable. It tells what is Onion meaning, and what do we call Onion in Hindi. Some hidden facts also like the health benefits of Onion dry vegetable and much more. This page describes facts about Onion. It tells Value of Onion vegetable including Minerals and Vitamins in Onion vegetable and describes what are the natural benefits and curative properties of Onion with Health Benefits of Onion.
Botanical Name/Scientific Name: Allium cepa
Indian Name: Piyaz
Description of Onion Vegetable
Following is the Description of Onion Vegetable. It includes Onion color and some more information about Onion–
The onion, a pungent edible of the lily family, is one of the oldest cultivated vegetables. It is considered a food of exceptional value for flavouring and seasoning. The onion is a biennial herb, usually grown as an annual. All its parts produce a strong onion odour when crushed. It has a superficial root system, a very short flattened stem at the base of the plant, which increases in diameter as growth continues. Leaves are long, linear and hollow. A bulb is formed by a thickening of the leaf bases when the plant reaches a certain stage of growth. The fruit is a globular capsule.
Origin and Distribution of Onion Vegetable
The Following paragraph describes the origin and distribution of the Onion Vegetable. Go through to know more about the origin and distribution of the Onion Vegetable–
Onion is believed to have originated in Central Asia, possibly in the Iran-Pakistan region. It has been cultivated since ancient times in the Middle East and India. It was a popular food in ancient Egypt, where it is depicted on tombs as early as 3200 BC and has been found in mummies. The Sanskrit equivalent for onion is parlando which has been mentioned in the Garuda Purana. The great Indian sages, Maharishi Atreya and Lord Dhanwantri have described the use of onions in details. It is referred to in the Bible when the Israelites complained of their hardships while being led by Moses from Egypt to the land of Canaan about 1500 BC remembering the onions that they ate in Egypt. Onion is frequently referred to in the literature from Hippocrates, 430 BC down to the present time. It is on record that the Jews loved onions so much that they named a city after it —Onion. This city was built in 173 BC near the Gulf of Suez. The man who built it was called Onions. The city existed for 343 years. Onion is now cultivated in most parts of the world, including India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Burma, Philippines, China, Egypt, West and East Africa, tropical South and Central America and the Caribbean.
Value of Onion Vegetable
Onion nutrition is another matter of knowledge. So here we are providing Onion nutritional value which actually tell about Onion nutrients and their benefits.
Onion which derived its name from the Latin Onio and French Oignon has been described by someone as the dynamite of natural foods. Compared with other fresh vegetables, it is relatively high in food value, moderate in protein content and is rich in calcium and riboflavin. There is considerable variation in composition between different varieties and it also varies with the stage of maturity and the length of storage. The odour in onion is due to organic sulphur compounds, and is produced only when the tissues are cut or injured, by
Onion Food Value
Moisture in Onion 86.6%
Protein in Onion 1.2%
Fat in Onion 0.1%
Fibre in Onion 0.6%
Minerals in Onion 0.4%
Carbohydrates in Onion 11.1% 100%
Minerals and Vitamins in Onion
Find details about Minerals and Vitamins in Onion. It specially focuses on Onion Nutrition–
Minerals and Vitamins in Onion
Calcium in Onion 47 mg
Phosphorus in Onion 50 mg
Iron in Onion 0.7 mg
Vitamin C in Onion 11 mg
Small amount of Vitamin B Complex
Values 100 gms edible portion
Calorific Value – 51
enzyme action on a water-soluble amino acid. Heating, freezing and drying prevent the enzyme action. That is why cooking produces a different odour, flavour and pungency. The pungent flavour of onion is much appreciated by many people in many countries. The strong odour lingers for a considerable time after consumption. It is said to be due to small particles retained in the mouth which cannot always be removed by brushing.
The onion has good keeping quality. The dried cured bulbs may be kept for several months without deterioration and can stand rough handling. Good storage life is usually associated with high pungency.
Natural Benefits and Curative Properties of Onion
Onion has a lot of curative properties and natural benefits. Read this passage to find benefits of Onion–
Onion is highly valued for its therapeutic properties. It has been used as a food remedy from time immemorial The physicians of ancient Egypt prescribed onions in various diseases. Dioscorides in the first century AD attributed many herbal remedies to them. They are stimulant, diuretic, expectorant and rubefacient
The white onion is preferable to the red and yellow varieties. Onions should be taken with meals preferably raw as fried or cooked onions are comparatively difficult to digest. For therapeutic purposes, it is advisable to use onion juice instead of the whole onion as it is an all-round medicine. Onion being stimulating and irritating food, its consumption in excess should be avoided.
Several parts of the plant have a place in the traditional medicines. The seeds of onion increase semen and relieve dental worms and urinary diseases. The stalks of onion are a source of Vitamin A, thiamin and ascorbic acid They are used in both tender and mature stages.
Onion has wonderful health benefits in Treatment of Respiratory Disease, Tooth Disorders, Anaemia, Heart Disease, Sexual Debility, Skin Disorders, Ear Disorders, Cholera, Urinary System Disorders, Bleeding Piles. To read more about them click the link below-